Study findings indicate that the total effect on delinquency of being stopped or arrested by police depended on the youth’s level of satisfaction with the encounter. In addition, procedural injustice mediated some of the effect of police contact on delinquency, but its relationship with delinquency was not direct. The study concludes that the negative consequences of being stopped or arrested were mitigated, but not eliminated, when the police contact was perceived favorably by the involved youth.
The Importance of Being Satisfied: A Longitudinal Exploration of Police Contact, Procedural Injustice, and Subsequent Delinquency
National Insititute of Justice