Kansas City, Missouri

Kansas City Police Patch

Site LE Agency
Kansas City Police Department

Site Researcher
Kenneth J. Novak, Ph.D., University of Missouri, Kansas City and Andrew M. Fox, Ph.D., California State University, Fresno

Site Focus
Violent Crime

SPI Strategy
Hot spot policing, Offender-based policing

Site Cohort

Site Profile
Medium urban area of 314.95 sq. miles with a population of 473,373

Project Overview

Kansas City’s crime rates, most notably those of violent crimes, continue to rank among the worst of similarly-sized U.S. cities. East Patrol District, home to 82,585 inner city residents, has a homicide rate of almost twice the city average and more than 10 times the national average at 56.9 homicides per 100,000 residents. Consequently, the community’s confidence in its local criminal justice system has eroded. With such high rates of violent crime, police commanders must continue to find innovative ways to reduce violent crime, prevent victimization, and save lives without contributing to mass incarceration. Kansas City has experience implementing evidence-based practices and approaches, specifically focused deterrence. The Kansas City SPI team will be working to implement a hot spot network experiment to reduce violence.

Data Highlight

  • In reviewing city assault cases, The Kansas City Star found that 6 of every 10 shooting victims chose not to cooperate with police.
  • In 2015 there were 969 aggravated assaults and 526 robberies in the East Patrol District.
  • Between 2007 and 2012, the city's violent crime rates held steady or, in the case of homicide, increased slightly from 20.6 per 100,000 persons in 2009 to 22.8 per 100,000 in 2012.